Article Title: Work Status Differences Related to Personality Traits and Psychological Health among Professional Women

Author(s): Shamaila Asad and Najma Najam

Institute(s): Govt. Postgraduate Islamia College for Women, Cooper Road, Lahore; Department of Psychology and Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2015, Vol. 30, No. 2, 393-404

Correspondence Address: Shamaila Asad, Govt. Postgraduate Islamia College for Women, Cooper Road, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: sham37@hotmail.com

Abstract

This study was conducted to identify the relationship among job status, personality traits, and psychological health of professional women in Pakistan. A sample of (N = 240) professional women of age range of 22-60 years was selected from banks, hospitals, and telecom-sector. Three job status groups including executive group, managerial group, and junior executive group were established. NEO-Five Factor Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and General Health Questionnaire-28 (Goldberg & Hillier, 1979) were used as measuring tools. Results revealed that neuroticism and agreeableness had significant positive relationship with anxiety and depression. Differences among job status groups indicated that junior executive worker women scored high on neuroticism, anxiety, and depression as compared to managers and executives. It is concluded that women holding lower status were facing difficulty in determining job and life balance and women having predisposition of neuroticism displayed poor health. Furthermore, executive women scored high on agreeableness; their status and support at work place helped them to be compassionate and cooperative.

Keywords. Work status, personality traits, psychological health, professional women