Posted on: 24 Jun 2019 Posted by: ppriad Comments: 0

Article Title: What Drives Competence Need? Analyzing the Impact of Drivers of Change on Job Competencies in Pakistan

Author(s): Saquib Y. Janjua, Jurgen Muhlbacher

Institute(s): Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS, Institute of Information Technology Park Road Chakshahzad, Islamabad; Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria, Augasse 2-6, 1080, Wien, Austria.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2016, Vol. 31, No. 2, 453-474

Correspondence Address: Saquib Y. Janjua, Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS, Institute of Information Technology Park Road Chakshahzad, Islamabad, Pakistan. E-mail:


The extant literature for any reason ignores to consider internal and external developments and their influence on management development needs (Mühlbacher, 2007; Mühlbacher Nettekoven, & Putnova, 2009). The present study attempts to address this gap and explores in detail internal and external drivers for changes and their influence on managerial competencies. The sample of the study comprised of 460 practicing managers working in various industries in Pakistan. The self-report measures of management competencies (Mühlbacher, 2007) and drivers for change (Mühlbacher, 2007) to measure and identify managerial competencies and internal and external drivers of change. The results of the study revealed that managers are more influenced by external development such as technological advancement, change at work place, economic situation and socio economic changes. The technological changes are seen as opportunity and significantly correlated with methodological competencies. The socio economic condition and change at work place are seen as threat and significantly correlated with leadership competencies. In internal changes HR practices are positively linked with social competencies like communication skills. Findings showed that external changes are mostly seen as threat and internal changes are viewed as opportunity.

Keywords. Competence development, managers, change management, drivers of change, training and development, job competencies

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