Article Title: Translation and Adaptation of Disruptive Behaviour Disorder Rating Scale

Author(s): Mamoona Ismail Loona and Anila Kamal

Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2011, Vol. 26, No. 2, 149-165

Correspondence Address: Mamoona Ismail Loona, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. E-mail:


In the present study, Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD) rating scale developed by Pelham, Gnagy, Greenslade, and Milich (1992) was translated and adapted for the assessment of childhood behavioral problems in Pakistani children. The DBD rating scale was translated into Urdu using back-translation technique and validated through factor analysis. Primary class children in the age range of 9 to 13 years (N = 280; mean age = 9.98 years), including 179 boys (mean age = 9.98 years) and 101 girls (mean age = 9.97 years) were rated by their class teachers on Urdu DBD rating scale. The alpha coefficients for the subscales of Urdu DBD rating scale ranged from .80 to .91. Exploratory Factor analysis yielded a four factor solution for the Urdu DBD rating scale.


Keywords: disruptive behavior, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, exploratory factor analysis, cross-cultural validation

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