The Development of an Indigenous Identity Pattern Scale (IPS) for University Students

Article Title: The Development of an Indigenous Identity Pattern Scale (IPS) for University Students

Author(s): Mahwesh Arooj Naz & Tazvin Ijaz

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, Government College University Lahore

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2015, Vol. 13, No.2, 30-36

Correspondence Address: Mahwesh Arooj, Department of Psychology, GC University Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: mahwesharooj@gmail.com

Abstract

Identity development is an important and critical stage in the development of any individual. It has now been highlighted that formation of identity is strongly influenced by the cultural and religious orientation of any individual (Aldashev & Platteau, 2014). Due to this reason, the current study was designed to develop an indigenous identity patterns scale to tap this phenomenon among university students. In current study, the phenomenology of identity was explored through focus groups. Then, the list of 51 items was derived and transformed in the form of scale. This identity pattern scale was then given to a sample of 200 university students to establish the psychometric properties. Results of factor analysis revealed significant value (p<.01) of KMO (.75) and Bartlett’s test of sphericity (3451.57) which shows the relatedness of variables in different factors that ensures the suitability of factor analysis. 3 factors were retained through principle component analysis varimax rotation and then named as self-reliant and clear identity, passive and confused identity, and ambitious identity. The values of Alpha Coefficient (.78), Split-half reliability (.58), and Spearman-Brown Coefficient (.74) of IPS showed that IPS is a highly reliable tool(p<.01). Moreover, the concurrent validity of indigenous identity scale with Identity style inventory (ISI) (Berzonsky et al., 2013) also found to be moderately high(r=.51, p<.01).The psychometric properties of the scale are discussed with special focus on the cultural and contextual variations of identity.

Keywords: Identity development, university students, identity pattern cultural orientation.

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