Article Title: Teachers’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior Working Under Different Leadership Styles

Author(s): Usma Ali and Shaista Waqar

Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2013, Vol. 28, No. 2, 297-316

Correspondence Address: Shaista Waqar National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. E-mail: shaistawaqar@gmail.com

Abstract

The present research aimed to study organizational citizenship behavior in relation to different leadership styles among school teachers. Teachers working under three types of leadership styles, i.e., transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership were also compared for their organizational citizenship behavior. Sample of the study included 129 individuals having 120 school teachers and 9 school heads. Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale (Podsakoff, MacKenzie, Moorman, & Fetter, 1990) was used to measure teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior and Multi-factor Leadership Questionnaire (Bass & Avolio, 1985) was used to assess the leadership style of school heads. Correlation and ANOVA along with Post Hoc analysis were conducted on the data. The results indicated that organizational citizenship behavior of school teachers was significantly related to leadership style. Transformational leadership style was found to be related with high citizenship behaviors followed by transactional leadership style of school head. School teachers working under laissez-faire leadership exhibited the least organizational citizenship behavior.

Keywords: Organizational citizenship behavior, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, laissez-faire leadership, school teacher