Posted on: 03 Jun 2019 Posted by: ppriad Comments: 0

Article Title: Social Intolerance and Psychological Distress among Cardiac Patients: Moderating Role of Emotional Regulation

Author(s): Rabia Zonash and Kehkashan Arouj

Institute(s): Foundation University, International Islamic University, Islamabad.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2017, Vol. 32, No. 1, 273-296

Correspondence Address: Rabia Zonash, Department of Psychology, Foundation University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Email:


Difficulties in emotional regulation strategies increase feelings of intolerance toward dissimilar ideas and increase vulnerability toward distress feelings. The present study intended to highlight the moderating role of emotional regulation on the relationship between social intolerance and psychological distress among cardiac patients. Whereas, the main study was aimed to examine the predictive effect of research hypotheses (N = 150) among cardiac patients between the age of 20-60 years (M = 3.14, SD = 0.99). Results of the main study showed positive relationship between discomfort intolerance, entitlement, emotional intolerance, achievement frustration, depression, anxiety, and stress. Moderation results showed that emotional reappraisal moderated the relationship between achievement frustration and anxiety. Emotional reappraisal also moderated between entitlement and stress. From the results, it is concluded that that practice of emotional reappraisal as emotional regulation and reduced expressive suppression leads to lower level of social intolerance and psychological distress.

Keywords. Discomfort intolerance, entitlement, emotional intolerance, achievement frustration, emotional regulation, psychological distress

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