Thesis Title: Perceived Stress, Coping Strategies, Life Satisfaction and Well-being of Unemployed Young Adults

Author: Zainub Ansari

Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: MPhil

Year: 2017

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract

This study was carried out to examine the relationship between perceived stress, coping, strategies, life satisfaction and well-being of unemployed young adults. It was hypothesized that; (a) there is likely to be a negative relationship between perceived stress, life satisfaction and well-being of unemployed young adults; (b) there is likely to be a positive relationship between problem-focused coping (active-practical coping and religious focused coping), life satisfaction and well-being of unemployed young adults; (c) there is likely to be a negative relationship between emotion-focused coping (active distractive coping and avoidance-focused coping), life satisfaction and well being of unemployed young adults; (d) perceived stress and coping strategies are likely to predict the life satisfaction of unemployed young adults; (e) perceived stress and coping strategies are likely to predict the well-being of unemployed young adults. By using snowball sampling technique data was collected from 180 unemployed young adults (men = 141, women = 39) with the age range of 20-40 years (M = 29.58, SD = 6.17 and M = 26.71, SD =3.44 for the men and women respectively). Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen et al., 1983). Coping Strategies Questionnaire (Kausar, 2001), Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (Keyes et al., 2009) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985) were used for assessment. Data were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlation, and Multiple Hierarchical Regression. Findings indicated that perceived stress is significantly negatively correlated with life satisfaction and wellbeing while coping strategies are significantly positively correlated with life satisfaction and well-being. Perceived stress significantly negatively whereas coping strategies i.e. active-practical coping significantly positively predicts life satisfaction and well-being while avoidance-focused coping significantly negatively predicts the emotional wellbeing. Implications of the findings for counselor/ psychologist, social workers and policymakers are discussed in the context of Pakistani culture.

Keywords: Diabetes, distress, self-care, quality of life.

 

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