Thesis Title: Parenting Styles, Callous Unemotional Traits, Emotional Regulation and Aggression in Juvenile Delinquents

Author: Fatima Safdar

Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar

Year: 2017

Degree: MPhil

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship among parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and uninvolved), callous unemotional traits, emotional regulation (cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppressiveness) and aggression in juvenile delinquents. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a relationship among parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and uninvolved), callous unemotional traits, emotional regulation (cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppressiveness) and aggression; emotional regulation is likely to moderate the relationship between parenting styles, callous unemotional traits and aggression in juvenile delinquents. The sample of juvenile delinquents (N = 103) was taken through purposive sampling technique from District Jail Lahore and Child Welfare Protection Bureau Lahore. Demographic Sheet, Parental Perception Questionnaire (Pasquali et al., 2012), The Inventory of Callous- Unemotional Traits (ICU – Frick, 2003), Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (MacDermott, Gullone, Allen, King, & Tonge, 2010) and Aggression Scale (Buss & Perry, 1992) were used for assessment. Pearson Product Moment Analysis and Process (extension in SPSS Version 20.0) model III were run to generate results. Results indicated that there is significant positive correlation among callous unemotional traits, verbal aggression, anger and hostility. Emotional regulation (cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppressiveness) has significant positive correlation with physical aggression. Permissive parenting style, callous unemotional traits, cognitive reappraisal has significant predictors of aggression. Furthermore, relationship between authoritative parenting style and verbal aggression was significantly moderated by the cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppressiveness (emotional regulation). While, relationship between uninvolved parenting style, physical aggression and verbal aggression was moderated by emotional suppressiveness (emotional regulation) in juvenile delinquents. Further, the relationship of callous unemotional traits with physical aggression, verbal aggression and hostility was moderated by cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppressiveness (emotional regulation) in juvenile delinquents. The findings have implications for refining and targeting the training of a rehabilitation program aimed at reducing aggressive behavior and adolescent programs aimed at increasing/ decreasing effective emotional regulation skills.

Keywords: Parenting Styles, callous unemotional traits, emotional regulation, aggression, juvenile delinquents.

 

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