Thesis Title: Optimism Level about Future Market Jobs; Role of Self-Esteem, Personality and Achievement in Engineering Students

Author Name: Shanza Khan

Supervisor: Arsla Nasir & Saima Ghazal

Year: 2017

Degree: MSC

Department: Institute of Applied Psychology

University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245


The present study examined the relationship among optimism level about future market job, role of self-esteem, personality and achievement in engineering students. It was hypothesized that there would likely to be a positive relationship among optimism, self-esteem, personality and achievement; semester, CGPA, self-esteem and that personality would predict the optimism. Furthermore, it was also hypothesized that there would likely to be gender differences in optimism levels and difference between the optimism level at 1st semester and last semester students. Cross-sectional research design was used. The sample comprised of 130 engineering students including 92 males and 38 females of age range 19-24 years from different departments of Engineering Universities by employing purposive sampling technique. A self-constructed demographic sheet, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), Employment Hope Scale (Hong, 2016) and Mini International Personality Items Pool Scale (Goldberg, 1999) were individually administered on the sample to assess the study variables. Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Hierarchical Regression and Independent sample t-test were applied to generate results which showed that optimism significantly correlated with self-esteem and personality (conscientiousness and extroversion) and self-esteem correlated with personality (agreeableness and neuroticism). Also, the semester predicted optimism. Moreover, there were no significant gender difference in optimism level, self-esteem and personality and there were significant differences between the optimism level and self-esteem of 1st semester students and the last semester students.


Optimism, self-esteem, personality, achievement