Article Title: Maturity in Self and Psycho-spiritual Well-being

Author(s): Mussarat Anwara, Muhammad Jehanzeb Khanb

Institute(s): College of Home Economics, University of Peshawar; Department of Psychology, University of Peshawar.

Journal: Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, JHSS XXI, No. 3, 2013 (December)

Abstract

Using Jungian model of human development, the question of emotional maturity in relation to psycho-spiritual well-being was explored in the sample of 500 adult population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The sample was composed of 262 men (52.4%) and 238 women (47.6%), whose age ranged from 17 to 47 with the mean age of 26.05 ± 6.381. Two main measures were utilized in this study, the Pearson-Marr Archetypal Indicator (to measure the degree of maturity in self) and Spiritual Well-being Scale (to measure existential and religious well-being). The results were discussed in terms of hypotheses involving the meditating role of the archetypes in psychological maturity and psycho-spiritual well-being. The evidence implicating psychological maturity in determining religiosity, spirituality and well-being was compelling. Most of the secondary predictions were confirmed. As predicted, psychologically mature respondents obtained higher scores on all measures of spiritual well-being. Spiritual poverty apparently resulted when a respondent’s major identification was with the lower levels of personal growth. Moreover, neurotic tendencies significantly reduced with psychological maturity and religious participation. These results confirm the importance of psychological maturity for psycho-spiritual health.

Keywords: Personal growth, Spirituality, Maturity, Religiosity, Ego, Soul, Spirit, Archetypes