Article Title: Interpersonal Relationships, Psychological Effects, and Coping Strategies Among Acid Burn Female Victims

Author(s): Arooj Mujeeb and Anila Kamal

Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2018, Vol. 33, No. 2, 575-590

Correspondence Address: Arooj Mujeeb, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Email: aroojmujeeb@nip.edu.pk

Abstract

The present research was aimed at exploring the interpersonal relationships, psychological effects, and coping strategies among female acid burn victims through in-depth interviews. A sample of six female acid burn victims was collected from two cities of Pakistan that is, Lahore and Jhelum. Research was conducted in two phases. First phase comprised of brainstorming sessions and development of interview guideline. During second phase, interviews were conducted with all acid burn victims. Mean age of the sample was 32.6 years. Ten themes emerged through thematic analysis including effects of acid attacks on family relations, attitudes of extended family, role of friends, causes of attacks, psychological effects, physical effects, facial disfigurement and body image, people’s attitudes towards victims, reactions of victims towards unpleasant concern, and coping strategies. Research was helpful in adding to literature on psychological effects of acid attacks which is an under researched area in Pakistan. It also highlighted the significance of such disturbing social issue which should be brought to the limelight. Findings of the research can be implemented in areas of clinical psychology and psychology of women.

Keywords: Acid burn victims, acid attacks, thematic analysis