Article Title: Gender Differences In Anxiety, Depression And Stress Among Survivors Of Suicide Bombing
Author(s): Yasmin Farooqi and Maria Habib
Institute(s): Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2010, Vol. 8, NO.2, 145. 153
Correspondence Address: Ms. Maria Habib, MSC student, Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present research studied gender differences for anxiety, depression and stress among survivors of suicide bombings in Lahore, Pakistan. The sample consisted of 120 adult survivors of suicide bombings (79 men and 41 women) in the vicinity of buildings occupied by Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), General Post Office and Lahore High Court which were rocked by a series of suicide bombing. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond. 1995) was administered to all the research participants. The results indicated significant gender differences in depression, anxiety and stress reported by the survivors of suicide bombings. The findings further suggested that female survivors scored higher on depression, anxiety and stress than their male counterparts. Furthermore, positive significant relationship was found between stress and depression, stress and anxiety, depression and anxiety. The findings of this research have implications for promoting our knowledge of gender related differences in anxiety, depression and stress among survivors of suicide bombings so that effective counseling and psychotherapeutic interventions could be introduced for the survivors of traumatic events.
Keywords: anxiety, depression, survivors, suicide bombing