Thesis Title:  Empathy and Quality of Friendship in University Students

Author Name: Laila Ashraf

Supervisor: Gul-E- Sehar & Iram Fatima

Year: 2017

Degree: MSC

Department: Institute of Applied Psychology

University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245


The present study was conducted to find out the relationship between empathy (affective and cognitive) and quality of friendship. It was hypothesized that affective and cognitive empathy would be positively related to quality of friendship. Correlation research design was used to find out relationship between Empathy (Affective and Cognitive) and Friendship quality (Safety, Closeness, Acceptance and help). Sample consisted of 200 students (male = 98; female = 102) within the age ranged of 20 to 25 years (M = 22.05; SD = 1.45) of three public sector Universities of Lahore city. Non-probability convenient sampling strategy was used to collect data. The Basic Empathy Scale (BES) by Jolliffe and Farrington (2006) and The Friendship Questionnaire by Thien, Razak and Jamil (2012) were used to collect data. The results showed that affective and cognitive empathy had significant positive correlated with the subscales of friendship quality (safety, closeness, acceptance and help). Further, the results showed that the affective empathy positively predicted subscales of friendship quality (safety, closeness, acceptance and help), but cognitive empathy only predicted helping behavior. These study findings highlight the importance to develop an intervention programs at university level to improve empathy, intimacy skills, and conflict management skills to promote positive qualities of friendship.

Keywords: Affective empathy, cognitive empathy, safety, closeness, acceptance, and help

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