Article Title: Emotional Intelligence: Significance of Psychology and Spirituality

Author(s): Harprit Kaur, Varinderjeet Singh, and Parwinder Singh

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab (India)

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 2012, Vol. 10, No. 1, 32-36

Correspondence Address: Parwinder Singh, Department of Psychology, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab (India). Email:,

The aim of the present research work was to study emotional intelligence (EI) as a function of different academic subjects of choice, spiritual quotient (SQ), and gender. One hundred and fifty university students doing master degree with age ranging from 21-24 years were selected randomly from three academic departments of Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India, i.e., Science, Arts, and Psychology. Emotional Intelligence Scale (Hyde, Pethe, & Dhar, 2001) and Spiritual Quotient Scale (SQ; Chopra, 2002) were administered individually on all the participants. For analysis, participants were further divided into two groups by using median split half technique on SQ scores, i.e., those who scored high and those who scored low on SQ. These two groups were compared on EI . One way ANOVA (for three academic subjects of choice) was applied to see whether participants studying different academic subjects of choice differ significantly on EI. t-test was used to see whether participants high and low on SQ and men and women differ significantly on EI. It was concluded that individuals studying Psychology were more emotionally intelligent as compared to the other two groups. Varied levels of SQ had significant effect on emotional intelligence but gender difference was insignificant. This study has important implications for educational psychologists and EI research.

Keywords: emotional intelligence, spiritual quotient, Psychology, gender

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