Article Title: Effect of Parental Conditional Regard on Parent-Adolescents Relationship Quality: Emotional State as Moderator

Author(s): Ayesha Saeed and Rubina Hanif

Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i- Azam University, Islamabad.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2014, Vol. 29, No. 2, 315-331

Correspondence Address: Rubina Hanif, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Email:


The present study was aimed to investigate the relationship between parental conditional regard and parent-adolescents’ relationship quality; where emotional state (i.e., positive affect and negative affect) played role as moderating variable. Questionnaires were administered on a sample of 646 late adolescents aged 18-24 years (M = 20.35, SD = 1.65) including 49.7 % boys and 50.3% girls taken from various public and private universities of five major cities of Pakistan. The findings revealed that conditional regard by father has a significant negative impact on relationship quality of both parents. The findings also revealed that emotional state played a significant moderating role in relationship of parental conditional regard and relationship quality. Further, gender differences were also explored. Altogether, the result supported the hypothesized moderation model. The findings are discussed in particular reference to Pakistani family dynamics and socialization practices.

Keywords: Parental conditional regard, relationship quality, emotional state