Article Title: Effect of Maternal Personality and Resilience on the Adaptive Functioning of Children with Intellectual Disability

Author(s): Sidra Azim, Uzma Masroor, and Nazia Iqbal

Institute(s): International Islamic University, Islamabad.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2018, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01-14

Correspondence Address: Nazia Iqbal, International Islamic University, Female Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan, Pakistan. Email: nazia.iqbal@iiu.edu.pk

Abstract

This study explored the effects of maternal personality traits and resilience on the adaptive functioning of the intellectually disabled children. Children with intellectual disability (n = 60) with age range 6 to 14 years (M = 12.03; SD = .66) and their mothers (n = 60) comprised the sample of study. Sample was collected from different special education institutions of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Mothers of these children filled the Urdu version of Neo personality Inventory Revised (Chishti, 2002), Ego Resilience Scale (Nangiana, 2002). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale Interview Edition Survey Form (Sparrow, Balla, & Cicchetti, 1984) was used to access the adaptive functioning of the children. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that children whose mothers have high Neuroticism personality traits have lower adaptive functioning. Higher scores of mothers’ on personality traits of extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness impact better adaptive functioning of their intellectually disabled children. Multiple regression analysis indicated that resilience moderated the relationship between maternal personality traits of extraversion and conscientiousness and the adaptive functioning of their children.

Keywords. Intellectual disability, neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness, resilience, adaptive functioning