Posted on: 11 Apr 2019 Posted by: ppriad Comments: 0

Article Title: Differences in Defense Mechanisms between Depressive Patients and Non-Depressive Individuals

Author(s): Mussarat Jabeen Khan & Seema Gul

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Islamabad

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2016, Vol. 14, No.2, 47-51

Correspondence Address: Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Department of Psychology, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan; e-mail:


The present study aimed to explore the defense mechanisms used by depressive patients and non-depressive individuals. A sample of 60 individuals consisting of two groups was taken. One group was of 30 diagnosed patients with depression having an equal number of men (n=15) and women (n=15) and the other was of 30 non-depressive individuals (15 men, 15 women). Seven cards were selected from the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and administered on both depressive patients and non-depressive individuals. Results revealed that depressive patients used more immature defense mechanisms, i.e projection, isolation, denial, displacement, rationalization, somatization, dissociation and passive aggression than non-depressive individuals, who used more mature defense mechanisms i.e sublimation, humor, anticipation and suppression than clinical patients. No gender differences were observed in both non-depressive individuals and depressive patients on mature and immature defense mechanisms.

Keywords: Mature defense mechanisms, immature defense mechanisms, depressive patients, non-depressive individuals

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