Article Title: Development of Body Dissatisfaction Scale for University Students

Author(s): Mishal Tariq and Tazvin Ijaz

Institute(s): Clinical Psychology Unit, Government College University, Lahore,

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2015, Vol. 30, No. 2, 305-322

Correspondence Address: Tazvin Ijaz at Clinical Psychology Unit, Government College University, Katchery Road, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: tazvin_ijaz@yahoo.com

Abstract

The construct of body image has been considered to be important for young individuals. The present research was conducted to explore the construct of body dissatisfaction in university students of Lahore. In the first phase of the study, the construct of body dissatisfaction was explored through semi structured interview questionnaires from 20 university students which yielded a list of 31 items. These items were then given to experts for content validity. Afterwards, the resultant scale of 26 items was administered on 529 university students including men and women. The factor analyses revealed that the construct of body dissatisfaction was construed quite differently by men and women, hence, separate factor analyses for both genders were carried out. It showed 4 factors (i.e., body shape, muscularity, facial features, and hair) for boys and 3 factors (i.e., bodyweight, skeletal structure, and facial features) for women. Concurrent Validity was established with the help of two measures of the Body Areas Satisfaction Scale of the Multidimensional Body Self-Relation Questionnaire- Appearance Scale (Brown, Cash, & Mikula, 1990) and the Figure Rating Scale (Stunkard, Sorenson, & Schulsinger, 1983). Test-retest reliability and Cronbach alpha values indicated that scale was highly reliable measure to study body dissatisfaction. The factor structure of the Body Dissatisfaction Scale was explained in the light of cultural variations.

 

Keywords. Body image, late adolescence, body shape, culture

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