Article Title: Development of an Indigenous Study Habits and Attitude Inventory for the Adolescent Students

Author(s): Muniza Malik and Nagina Parveen

Institute(s): University of Sindh, Jamshoro

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2013, Vol. 11, No.1, 72-77

Correspondence Address: Ms. Muniza Malik, University of Sindh, Jamshoro. Email:


The present study was conducted to develop an indigenous standardized inventory to measure the study habits and attitudes of the adolescent students. In Sindh least research work has been conducted on the study problems of the young students and their study habits. The sample (N=560, male = 283; female =277) of the present research consisted of adolescent participants of colleges and university. The age range of the sample was 16-23 years. The study habits and attitudes inventory was developed in the Urdu language. It consists of eight subscales and total seventy three items. Items were finalized after performing item analysis through extreme group method. The five-point Likert like scale was selected as response category. To avoid response set bias, some items were scored in reverse direction. The psychometric properties of the study habits and attitude inventory were developed and assessed through item analysis (extreme-group technique), content validity, and construct validity through item-total correlation and Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient (r= 0.86). Analysis of the results indicated the reliable and valid status of the study habits and attitude inventory.

Keywords: study habits and attitude, reliability, item-analysis, validity