Posted on: 23 Feb 2019 Posted by: ppriad Comments: 0

Thesis Title:  Breakfast Habits, Alertness and Mood in Undergraduate University Students

Author Name: Noor Fatima

Supervisor: Farah Malik

Year: 2017

Degree: BS

Department: Institute of Applied Psychology

University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245


The present study investigated the relationship between breakfast habits, alertness and mood in undergraduate university students. It was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between breakfast habits, alertness and mood, breakfast habits and alertness will predict mood (happiness, anger, fearful and sadness) and women will be more likely to exhibit poor breakfast habits as compared to men. Sample comprised of 116 university students (58 girls and 58 boys) of BS 4 years program. Data was collected from students of semester 1-8 of BS 4 years program. Urdu version of Maas Robbins Alertness Questionnaire (Robbins, 1998) and Four Mood Introspection Scale (Mayer, 1995) were used. Moreover, a questionnaire to assess breakfast habits was developed. The results of Pearson Product Moment Correlation indicated significance relationship between breakfast habits, alertness and mood. Hierarchal Regression analysis indicated that breakfast habits and alertness level predicted mood. The results of t-test analysis revealed that there was no difference in breakfast habits of men and women. The present study has implication of developing management plans and counseling strategies in health related field.


Breakfast habits, alertness, mood.

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