Thesis Title: Academic Locus of Control, Self-Compassion and Sandbagging in College Students

Student Name: Saba Shahid

Supervisor: Afsheen Masood, PhD

Degree: MSc

Year: 2016-2018

Department: Institute of Applied Psychology

University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245


The present study examined academic locus of control and compassion as predictors of sandbagging in college students. It was hypothesized that academic locus of control and self-compassion would predict sandbagging and self-handicapping in college students. The sample comprised of (N = 250) college students between the age ranges of 17-21 years taken from public and private colleges of Lahore. The measures comprised of Academic Locus of control Scale (ALOC; Trice & Curtis, 2013), Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003), Self- Handicapping Scale (Rhodewalt, 1990) and Sandbagging Scale (Gibson & Sachau, 2000), Pearson product moment correlation, hierarchical regression analysis and independent sample t-test were used for inferential statistics. It was found that academic locus of control had positive relationship and self- compassion had negative relationship with self-handicapping and sandbagging in college students. External academic locus of control and self-compassion were significant predictors of sandbagging and self- handicapping while internal academic locus of control was a non- significant predictor. There were significant gender differences in sandbagging and self-handicapping with males scoring high on it as compared to females. This study has significance for educational counselors and students.

Keywords: Locus of control, self-compassion, sandbagging.

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