Posted on: 31 Mar 2019 Posted by: ppriad Comments: 0

Article title: A Measure of Students’ and Teachers’ Level of Tolerance Towards Religious and Social Factors

Author(s): Shaista Khalid and Nasir Mahmood

Institute(s): Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Sargodha; Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2013, Vol. 11, No.2, 77-83

Correspondence Address: Nasir Mahmood Institute of Education and Research (IER), University of the Punjab, Lahore Cell: +92-321-8400427 Email:


The study aimed at exploring the level of tolerance of students and their teachers towards certain social and religious factors i.e. gender, ethnicity, caste, religion and religious sects. Tolerance was defined as low level of biasness towards these factors. A questionnaire was developed by the researchers based on above mentioned sub factors. The data was collected from eleven schools in Lahore and Gujrat Districts. Sample comprised of 742 students (349 female; 375 male) of 9th and 10th grade and 71 teachers (29 male; 42 female) teaching these classes. The level of tolerance was examined by analyzing the data regarding the relationship between (i) level of students’ tolerance and their teachers’ tolerance level; (ii) students’ and teachers’ gender, caste and locale. Findings suggest that majority of participants fall below the tolerant category i.e X. < 178-182. However; teachers were found less tolerant than students. Gender, locality, caste and age were not influential factors in determining the level of tolerance.

Key words: social and religious tolerance, students, teachers,

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