Thesis Title: A Comparison of Cyber Bullies and Cyber Victims on Depression and Suicidal Ideations among Young Adults

Author: Raheela Bakht

Supervisor: Mujeeba Ashraf

Year: 2017

Degree: BS

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract

The present research was conducted to compare cyber bullies and cyber victims on measures of depression and suicidal ideations. Between group research design was used to compare cyber bullies and cyber victims. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect sample of N = 200 young adults including males and females from the University of the Punjab, Lahore. It was hypothesized that a) cyber victims were likely to score high on measure of depression than cyber bullies; b) cyber victims were likely to score high on measure of suicidal ideations than cyber bullies, and c) males were more likely to be cyber bullies while females were more likely to be cyber victims. Revised Cyber bullying Inventory (Topcu & Baker, 2010) was used to assess cyber bullies and cyber victims while Zung Self Rating Depression Scale (Zung, 1986) and Suicidal Ideation Attributes Scale (Spijker et al, 2014) was used to assess depression and suicidal ideations in the research participants. Analysis of the data involved preliminary analysis and main analysis. Preliminary analysis included test of normality, reliability analysis and spearman correlation. Mann-Whitney U was conducted as the main analysis of the study. The results of Mann Whitney U approved the hypothesis and indicated that male research participants were more likely to be cyber bullies while female research participants were more likely to be cyber victims. It was also found that cyber victims were more likely to score high on measures of depression and suicidal ideations than cyber bully research participants. This research proved to be helpful for providing awareness regarding cyber bullying and could be proved to be helpful in developing interventions for controlling cyber bullying.

Keywords: Cyber bullies, cyber victims, depression, suicidal ideations.

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